A Bedouin once asked the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him), “O Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him), if I do the five farz (pillars) of Islam – the declaration of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm) and pilgrimage (hajj) and I won’t do anything more or less, will you guarantee Jannah to me?”. Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) replied in the affirmative, i.e. said yes. So, that is it, guys and ladies. Islam is a very simple and easy religion to follow.
SHAHADA - The first pillar of Islam “Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Allah, Wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulu-Allah.” “I bear witness that there is no God but God (Allah – i.e. there is none worthy of worship but Allah), and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” This pillar is the cornerstone of Islam. Without this, there is no Islam at all. And this should be done with one's heart totally and without any doubt whatsoever!
"Zakat, almsgiving, is the third pillar. Social responsibility is considered part of one's service to God; the obligatory act of zakat enshrines this duty.Zakat prescribes payment of fixed proportions of a Muslim's possessions for the welfare of the entire community and in particular for its neediest members. It is equal to 2.5 percent of an individual's total net worth, excluding obligations and family expenses."
Sawm, fasting during the holy month of Ramadan, is the fourth pillar of Islam. Ordained in the Holy Qur'an, the fast is an act of deep personal worship in which Muslims seek a richer perception of God. Fasting is also an exercise in self-control whereby one's sensitivity is heightened to the sufferings of the poor.""
"Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah, is the fifth pillar and the most significant manifestation of Islamic faith and unity in the world. For those Muslims who are physically and financially able to make the journey to Makkah, the Hajj is a once in a lifetime duty that is the peak of their religious life."